Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

URBAN HERITAGE AND METHODOLOGIES OF RENEWAL

Rosa Grazia De Paoli

Architect, Phd, Contract Lecturer, DASTEC Department, Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria

Abstract

The renewal of the city started from the examination of urban conditions of comfort/discomfort (safety, mobility, environment, social cohesion); this required the direct involvement of the city’s inhabitants as experts of the urban environment, and therefore able to suggest solutions.

Nowadays in Italy the renewal tools of the city cannot be found in planning laws, but in new tools with participated procedures. These participated procedures have put the public administration and the private entrepreneurial class in agreement. In the ‘90’s, the so-called Complex Programs both in the national and regional domain have been realized. The Complex Programs aim to propose urban improvement through innovative procedures to improve urban life quality. Among the Complex Programs, the District Contracts have been realized in January ‘98 and proposed in 2002 by the Infrastructure Administration. They set the aim of district renewal in places characterized by buildings degradation, urban environment lacking services, scarce social cohesion and marked housing problems as well as the presence of an elevated seismic vulnerability.

This paper underlines a methodology of urban retraining with participated procedures applied in a historical centre of  a town in southern Italy.

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GROSS WORKER FLOWS ESTIMATION AT EUROPEAN LEVEL

Dr. Cristina LINKARU

National Scientific Research Institute for Labor and Social Protection – INCSMPS, Bucharest, Povernei 6-8, Bucharest, Sector 1, Romania, 010643 Romania, Telephone(s) +40-21-3124069/3172431, Fax(es) +40-21-3127595, cristina.lincaru@yahoo.de

Dr. Vasilica Ciucă

silviaciuca@incsmps.ro

Mat. Draga ATANASIU

incsmps1@incsmps.ro

Dr. Cătălin GHINARARU

ghinararu@incsmps.ro

Dr. Gabriela TUDOSE

gabriela_tudose@yahoo.com

Liliana GRECU

grecu_liliana@yahoo.com

Abstract

The European single market makes progress in view to become a single economic area. This process induces some tendencies regarding the crystallizing of the European single labour market. Following the first stage of our model (presented in detail in a previous article), based on OECD Employment Outlook 2009 and 2010 methodology consistent with Davis and Haltiwanger (1999) we use the “employment by time since job started” using EUROSTAT indicators provided in quarterly data as proxy for “employment by job tenure” indicator in view to calculate the annual hiring flows (number of hiring into an year). This method could be applied under some characteristics like: age groups (15-64 years, 15-24 years, 25-49 years, 50-64 years), gender (total, masculine, feminine), citizenship (citizen, non citizen based on lfsa_etpga Eurostat indicator). Our analysis is focused on the quantitative estimation of the labour force circulation at UE27 level, measured through the quantification of the individual labour contracts; contracts closed between noncitizen workers with an employer located in the European  host state (different state from the worker state origin), regardless the negotiation process, employment process, the level of negotiated salaries. We assume that the working contract closing/initiating is equivalent with the “hiring” event and its ending is equivalent with “separation”. Our main result is represented by the total non citizen worker flows estimation at European aggregate level as a measure of European single market development.

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THRESHOLDS IN THE PROCESS OF FINANCIAL INTEGRATION OF ALBANIA – HOW FAR AWAY IS ALBANIA FROM GREECE?

Msc. Dorjana NANO

Faculty of Education and Social Sciences,

University “Eqrem Cabej” Gjirokaster, Albania

Email: doriananano@yahoo.com

and

Msc. Teuta LLUKANI

Faculty of Education and Social Sciences,

University “Eqrem Cabej” Gjirokaster, Albania

Email: t.llukani@gmail.com

Abstract

Recent global financial crises have caused immense debate about costs and benefits of financial integration. Overall, evidences show that industrial economies utilize benefits of financial openness and export their problems to the emerging and less developed countries. There is a substantial and empirical literature that define certain thresholds levels of financial and institutional characteristics beyond which the trade – off improves and makes opening of the capital account beneficial and less risky, especially for a developing country like Albania.

The main aim of this study is to analyse institutional quality, financial sector development, macroeconomic policies and trade openness as thresholds that must be satisfied in order to foster further financial integration and making it work for good, in particular for Albania and Greece. In addition, the comparison of economic characteristics and institutional development between these countries and the minimum standard will be also estimated, in order to reveal their discrepancy and deficiencies and as well to develop several policy proposals.

The main objectives of this study are:

  • To analyse the importance of institutional quality, financial sector development, macroeconomic policies and trade openness in the process of financial integration.
  • To estimate the above mentioned economic and institutional indicators for Albania and Greece and to use the standards level of this indicators (Prasad 2009) as a benchmark in order to reveal deficiencies, the most problematic aspects, and as well future challenges for each country.
  • To draw and assess policy implications and recommendations for improving economic characteristics in Albania and Greece, in order to fully utilise the benefits of financial integration.

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