Archive for the ‘Published’ Category

DETERMINANTS OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING ALLOCATION: COMMON PERSPECTIVES FROM LOCAL OFFICIALS

Xiang CAI

Lecturer, The University of Texas at Dallas,

xiang.cai@utdallas.edu

Abstract

In response to the wide social concerns of exponential price inflation and the severe demand for affordable housing over the last decade, the Chinese government has enforced a national plan to enhance the large-scale construction and provision of affordable housing, while municipal governments are responsible at the local level for implementation and allocation via various housing provision programs. In this paper we collected first-hand data from a series of personal interviews with government officials to conduct a systematic analysis of the challenges of housing allocation from the perspectives of administrators at the city level. In light of the responses from practitioners, the four main concerns giving rise to low efficiency and unfairness in housing allocation are: the faction of agencies, ineffective monitoring systems, the lack of transparency of information, and the absence of legal enforcement. Legal enforcement is the most important institutional establishment as it stipulates agency collaboration and monitoring. Transparency, which is affected by legal enforcement, also enhances cooperation among departments.

Keywords: Affordable Housing, Determinants, Allocation and Distribution, Local Officials

JEL classification: R5, R580
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DOES TRADE OPENNESS AND FISCAL POLICY AFFECT INEQUALITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH? A STUDY IN INDONESIA

Mohammad KHUSAINI

Dr. in Economics, Faculty of Economic and Business, Brawijaya University-INDONESIA

mohkhusaini@yahoo.com

Setyo TRI WAHYUDI

Ph.D in Economics, Faculty of Economic and Business, Brawijaya University-INDONESIA

Setyo81@gmail.com

Zamrud SISWA UTAMA

Master of Economics Student at Faculty of Economic and Business, Brawijaya University-INDONESIA

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of trade openness and Indonesia’s fiscal policy on income inequality and economic growth. The error correction model approach was used to analyze the effect during the period 1980 to 2015. The results show that trade openness can improve inequality but at the same time impede growth. The effect of fiscal policy on reducing inequality is only generated by tax collection but is temporary. Meanwhile, government spending on infrastructure and health proved to encourage growth. On the other hand, education sector spending and tax collection can actually hamper growth.

Keywords: Trade Openness, Inequality, Growth, Fiscal Policy

JEL classification: E62, F63, H50, O40
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PROBLEM OF RIVER BANK FAILURE AND THE CONDITION OF THE EROSION VICTIMS: A CASE STUDY IN DHULIAN, WEST BENGAL, INDIA

Debika GHOSH

Assistant Professor, Department Of Geography, Krishnagar Govt. College, Krishnagar, Nadia, West Bengal, India *Corresponding Author Phone No. 8926059023

idebikaghosh@gmail.com

Abhay Sankar SAHU

Assistant Professor, Department Of Geography, University Of Kalyani, Kalyani, Nadia-741235, West Bengal, India.

sahu.abhaysankar@gmail.com

Abstract

The present paper deals with the problem of bank failure and the present condition of erosion victims in Dhulian. Continuous shifting of river course and erosion introduce vulnerable conditions on physical as well as social environment. Simple methodologies have been adopted to conduct this study. Primary data have been collected from the erosion victims regarding their condition. Satellite images have been used here for mapping purposes. Several statistical methods have also been used for discussions as well. Thousands of people – especially living along the river bank – are in a high risk condition. Population displacement from the river bank areas is the main impact of erosion. Gradual areal extension of riverine islands (chars) is one of the cause which leads to continuous sifting of Ganga towards right bank exhibits not a good sign for the densely populated Dhulian. Overall the condition of the erosion victims is very poor and challenging.

Keywords: River bank erosion, vulnerability, erosion victims, protective strategies

JEL classification:
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