Archive for the ‘Development’ Category

EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS ON POLLUTION REDUCTION AND FIRM LOCATION

Kenichi SHIMAMOTO

Hirao School of Management, Konan University, Nishinomiya, Japan
kenichi@center.konan-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Urban pollution continues to be a crucial issue in cities across the globe, especially in developing countries. Examining the effect pollution tax has on a firm’s decision to locate closer/further to the urban centre will be worthy from an environmental preservation perspective. This paper analyses the relationship between pollution tax and the firm’s location when considering the firm’s efficiency of pollution abatement and its efficiency of production. The results find that a firm which has exhibited increasing returns to scale in pollution abatement performance in response to pollution tax increases its output level. It also shows that the firm’s location depends on the efficiency of pollution abatement and production efficiency. The changes to pollution level at the urban centre due to pollution tax depends on the changes to the firm’s output level, the firm’s location choice, and the firm’s pollution abatement performance.

Keywords: firm location, environmental regulations, pollution abatement, efficiency

JEL classification:
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MAPPING THE SECTORAL CONCENTRATION OF THE WORKFORCE ACROSS EU REGIONS, 2009-2013

Emily VGENOPOULOU

Athens University of Economics and Business

George ECONOMOU

Athens University of Economics and Business

Pródromos PRODROMÍDIS

Athens University of Economics and Business, Centre for Planning and Economic Research, Postal address: KEPE, 11 Amerikis str., Athens 15342, Greece.
pjprodr@kepe.gr
(Corresponding author)

Abstract
The paper explores the evolution of the sectoral concentration of regional workforces across the EU’s 272 NUTS level II territories and 42 territories of associated countries in the wake of the international financial and economic crisis (2009) up to 2013 through the use of location quotients (27.5 thousand computations). Bird’s eye views of the findings, in the form of maps, are attached.
Keywords: Territorial sector concentration, location quotient, specialization and localization, regional workforce, EU
JEL classification: R12
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DOES HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT MATTER FOR GROWTH? EVIDENCE FROM INDONESIA DURING THE FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION ERA

Losina PURNASTUTI

Faculty of Economics
Yogyakarta State University Kampus Karangmalang Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
losina_purnastuti@uny.ac.id
(Corresponding author)

Bambang SUPRAYITNO

Faculty of Economics
Yogyakarta State University Kampus Karangmalang Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
bambang_s@uny.ac.id

SUGIHARSONO

Faculty of Economics
Yogyakarta State University Kampus Karangmalang Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
sugiharsono@uny.ac.id

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of regional government expenditure, workers’ education level, and government expenditure for health and education sector in economic growth by using secondary data published by National Bureau of Statistics Indonesia. Panel data estimation approach was adopted to analyze the data. The result of the study shows that education contributes significantly to the improvement of labor productivity. Other findings indicate that the population has positive impacts on various aspects of human development and labor productivity while the total area owned by the local goverment has no effect on both of the two aspects aforementioned. It implies that human resource is an essential component for economic growth and for human development itself.

Keywords: Human Capital Investment, Government Expenditure, Fiscal Decentralization.

JEL classification: H51, H52, H72, H75
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