Archive for the ‘Development’ Category

MAPPING THE SECTORAL CONCENTRATION OF THE WORKFORCE ACROSS EU REGIONS, 2009-2013

Emily VGENOPOULOU

Athens University of Economics and Business

George ECONOMOU

Athens University of Economics and Business

Pródromos PRODROMÍDIS

Athens University of Economics and Business, Centre for Planning and Economic Research, Postal address: KEPE, 11 Amerikis str., Athens 15342, Greece.
pjprodr@kepe.gr
(Corresponding author)

Abstract
The paper explores the evolution of the sectoral concentration of regional workforces across the EU’s 272 NUTS level II territories and 42 territories of associated countries in the wake of the international financial and economic crisis (2009) up to 2013 through the use of location quotients (27.5 thousand computations). Bird’s eye views of the findings, in the form of maps, are attached.
Keywords: Territorial sector concentration, location quotient, specialization and localization, regional workforce, EU
JEL classification: R12
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DOES HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT MATTER FOR GROWTH? EVIDENCE FROM INDONESIA DURING THE FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION ERA

Losina PURNASTUTI

Faculty of Economics
Yogyakarta State University Kampus Karangmalang Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
losina_purnastuti@uny.ac.id
(Corresponding author)

Bambang SUPRAYITNO

Faculty of Economics
Yogyakarta State University Kampus Karangmalang Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
bambang_s@uny.ac.id

SUGIHARSONO

Faculty of Economics
Yogyakarta State University Kampus Karangmalang Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
sugiharsono@uny.ac.id

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of regional government expenditure, workers’ education level, and government expenditure for health and education sector in economic growth by using secondary data published by National Bureau of Statistics Indonesia. Panel data estimation approach was adopted to analyze the data. The result of the study shows that education contributes significantly to the improvement of labor productivity. Other findings indicate that the population has positive impacts on various aspects of human development and labor productivity while the total area owned by the local goverment has no effect on both of the two aspects aforementioned. It implies that human resource is an essential component for economic growth and for human development itself.

Keywords: Human Capital Investment, Government Expenditure, Fiscal Decentralization.

JEL classification: H51, H52, H72, H75
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SUSTAINABILITY DIAGNOSIS OF AN AGROFORESTRY SYSTEM

Alexandra Marta-Costa

Associate Professor; Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD); Department of Economy, Sociology and Management (DESG); University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro; Quinta de Prados, 5000-911 Vila Real, Portugal, Tel: (+351) 259302201; Fax: (+351) 259302249; amarta@utad.pt.

Filipa Torres-Manso

Mountain Research Centre (CIMO); Department of Forest Science and Landscape Architecture; University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro; Quinta de Prados, 5000-911 Vila Real, Portugal, ftorres@utad.pt.

Luís Tibério

Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD); Department of Economy, Sociology and Management (DESG); University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro; Quinta de Prados, 5000-911 Vila Real, Portugal, mtiberio@utad.pt.

Abstract

Serra de Montemuro Site is a Natura 2000 classified area in northern Portugal, especially for its role in preserving both the landscape, environmental and cultural heritage. Based on the main features of the territory in question, as well as on the agroforestry activities developed therein, this article aims at depicting the main aspects which characterize the (un)sustainability of the afore mentioned activities, namely some of the challenges that a sustainable agroforestry development must be able to meet. The methodological procedures included several complementary processes of information gathering such as: bibliographical research, field research, interviews, participatory meetings and sectoral meetings. Two implications arise from this sustainability diagnosis: 1) the revenue isn’t sufficient to maintain the agroforestry systems; 2) the conservation of this territory is imperative and the agroforestry systems are essential for this purpose.

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