Archive for the ‘Income’ Category

SPATIAL VARIATIONS OF EMPLOYMENT CHANGE IN GREECE OVER THE EARLY-CRISIS PERIOD (2008-2011)

Dimitris KALLIORAS

University of Thessaly, Department of Planning and Regional Development, Pedion Areos, 38334 Volos, tel: 0030 24210 74484
dkallior@uth.gr
(Corresponding author)

Maria TSIAPA

University of Thessaly, Department of Planning and Regional Development
mtsiapa@uth.gr

Spyridon ZAPANTIS

University of Thessaly, Department of Planning and Regional Development
szapantis@uth.gr

Abstract

Towards conceptualizing and understanding the spatial impact of the contemporary economic crisis, the paper scrutinizes the spatial variations of employment change in Greece. To this end, the paper employs a trade-adjusted shift-share analysis; a shift-share formulation accounting for employment changes resulting from changes in exports, imports and domestic demand. Trade-adjusted shift-share analysis is employed against the backdrop of the world economy, on the basis of employment data that refer to NACE Rev. 2 aggregation sectoral levels and to NUTS II spatial level, and covers the early-crisis period (2008-2011). The results obtained highlight the negative national effect component as an outcome of the shocks and the upsets that the Greek economy has suffered. The industry mix component and the competitive shift component are positive only for specific regions and sectors. Particularly, for the industry mix component it comes that all Greek regions specialize in sectors that, at the national level, are export-declining and import-declining and experience labor productivity losses.

Keywords: economic crisis, employment change, Greek regions, trade-adjusted shift-share analysis

JEL classification: C10, F10, L16, R11, R12
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Evaluating the risk of unemployment: Comparison between the two most populated Greek regions with the entire country

Stavros Rodokanakis
University of Bath

Irini Moustaki
London School of Economics and Political 
Science

Abstract :
The basic aim of this paper is to investigate the impact that educational level of individuals and participation in training programmes (apprenticeship, intra-firm training, continuing vocational training, popular training) have on their job prospects in the two most populated Greek regions, Attica and Central Macedonia, during the implementation of the first Community Support Framework  CSF (1989-1993). We also research the differences between the two regions under study and the entire country. More specifically, we  research what are the social and demographic characteristics that increase the chances of someone in the examined population finding a job, how those chances change (if they do) after the introduction of training courses and, also, whether University graduates, in contrast to most of the rest of the EU member states, face greater difficulties in finding a job than non-University graduates, as a series of studies or aggregate  statistics for Greece conclude. We use individual anonymised records (micro-data) of the Labour Force Survey (LFS) for both employed and unemployed at both national and NUTS-2 level. The findings of the logit model show that although concerning education the picture is mixed, the more trained a person did not improve his position in the labour market during the examined period.  read more

 

Keywords: Cross-sectional models, Labour economics policies, Human capital, Skills, Regional, urban  and rural analyses.

Some Problems of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Albanian Holiday Hotels

Evis Kushi
Xhuvani University, Elbasan,
Albania

Enkela Caca
Eqrem Cabej University, Gjirokaster
Albania

Abstract:
This paper provides an analysis of the main characteristics of MSMEs in this sector and identifies the existing problems using data from 83 holiday hotels during summer 2006 in Durres region, which is the major sun-and-beach segment in Albania. The results of the survey are in line with the general economic situation in Albania which is characterised by the dominance of micro and small-sized enterprises, mainly family businesses. More specifically, the majority of the holiday hotels in the sample (82 per cent) are micro and small hotels and only four per cent are big hotels. One of the main problems arising from this situation is that hotels of this size match only the demand of individual clients or small groups of tourists and are generally not able to work with big tourist groups organised in package tours by the western operators. Finally, this paper provides interesting recommendations for policy makers, public authorities and hotel managers in order to identify the priorities for the development of the holiday hotels sector and tourism in Albania. read more
 
Key words: MSMEs, holiday hotels sector, survey.