Archive for the ‘Geography’ Category
Emily VGENOPOULOUAthens University of Economics and Business
George ECONOMOUAthens University of Economics and Business
Pródromos PRODROMÍDISAthens University of Economics and Business, Centre for Planning and Economic Research, Postal address: KEPE, 11 Amerikis str., Athens 15342, Greece.
The paper explores the evolution of the sectoral concentration of regional workforces across the EU’s 272 NUTS level II territories and 42 territories of associated countries in the wake of the international financial and economic crisis (2009) up to 2013 through the use of location quotients (27.5 thousand computations). Bird’s eye views of the findings, in the form of maps, are attached.
Keywords: Territorial sector concentration, location quotient, specialization and localization, regional workforce, EU
JEL classification: R12
Amitrajeet A. BATABYALDepartment of Economics, Rochester Institute of Technology, 92 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623-5604, USA.
Hamid BELADIDepartment of Economics, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249-0631, USA.
We theoretically study the rescue of destitute migrants seeking to reach Europe on boats across the Mediterranean Sea. To this end, we first construct a discrete-time Markov chain (DTMC) model of a stylized rescue process. Second, we specify the one-step transition probabilities of the DTMC. Third, we delineate a recursive algorithm that can be used to compute the limiting or steady-state probabilities of our DTMC model. Finally, we use these limiting probabilities to compute the average throughput. This metric is an efficiency measure and it tells us the long run expected number of migrants that are rescued by the stylized rescue process under study.
Keywords: Markov Chain, Mediterranean Sea, Migrant, Rescue, Uncertainty
JEL classification: J61, D81
Despina P. DIMELLISchool of Architecture, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece
The reason for the current paper was the concern about the way spatial planning confronts the settlements in Greece. As spatial policies mainly focus in the urban centers and the problems that these present, the question that was placed was how planning of all spatial levels faces the settlements, which assemble an important percentage of population and also face problems as abandonment, accessibility difficulties, and many others. The current paper attempts initially a recording of the spatial, demographic and productive characteristics of the Islander Greek settlements. In the second phase it examines the tools for the Greek islander settlements Regional and Urban Planning with the use of case studies, in order to evaluate planning’s ability to solve the problems these areas face. Through the research it is concluded the need for the creation of a “Settlements observatory” that will record all natural and anthropogenic characteristics which can lead to the formulation of specialized policies, adjusted on the settlements dynamics and the trends of their future development. The paper concludes that a specialized approach based on the use of specialized indicators is necessary; in order to plan areal units that require specified policies.
Keywords: islander settlements, spatial planning, Greek settlements