Archive for the ‘Geography’ Category

Geopolitics of Energy in the Kastelorizo-Cyprus-Middle East Complex

Professor Ioannis Th. Mazis
Professor of Economic Geography, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Dept of Turkish
and Modern Asian Studies

Dr. Georgios – Alexandros Sgouros
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Laboratory of Marine Geo-environment & Sedimentology, Dept. of Geology and Geo environment

The geophysical and geological submarine features (pockmarks, gas chimneys, salt domes, etc).,identified by multi-beam echosounders and sidescan sonars ,seismic surveys in the region South, South-west and South-east of Cyprus, as well as the corresponding international interest of investors, especially in the marine region of the Levantine Basin, lead to the conclusion that, from a geopolitical standpoint, Greece must be urged to accelerate the consolidation of its sovereign rights and understand anew and in practical terms, that “Cyprus is not far away, not at all actually”. With respect to Kastelorizo and the submarine area of its EEZ, we note that detailed geophysical and bathymetric surveys have confirmed the fact that the region of the submarine Anaximander Mountains presents active mud volcanoes that are linked to the presence of gas hydrates. Samples of gas hydrates were collected by means of indicative samplings in mud volcanoes thoroughly mapped in sub-seabed layers that do not exceed 1.5 m. These “ice-crystal” like features will probably have a significant socioeconomic impact in the near feature as an energy resource. New mud volcanoes were also discovered (“Athens” and “Thessaloniki”). Gas hydrates were found in samplings conducted in the “Thessaloniki” M.V. According to preliminary assessments, the total capacity of the mud volcanoes of the Anaximander mountains complex is estimated between 2.56 – 6.40 c. km. read more

Keywords: Geopolitics of Energy, Cyprus, Israel, Levantine, multi-beam echosounders, side scan sonars, pockmarks, gas chimneys, salt domes, Exclusive Economic Zone/EEZ.

Globalism – the important factor of the life of the countries of the region in general and of Albania in particular

Antoneta Polo
University Eqrem Cabej, Gjirokastra, Albania

The fundamental idea which would like to convey this material is that in the stream of the world economy will be framed those countries which successfully will pass the transition process, by involving all the human and material resources in function of development and the regional and global integration. The countries in transition which become members of the European Union, the most powerful integrated market in the world, can start to get involved into the economy of the world, i.e. in the global economy. Albania is still far from being integrated in this economy. The ideas of the globalism are directly related to the elaboration of the concept of the new world collocation and with the acceptance of five indispensable values which are foundations of the international unity; peace, human rights, development, democracy and the ecology balance. Related to this logic, the new European countries, among which Albania as well, have the possibilities to orientate their development in a way to respond as much as possible to their interests. This should become related closely to the new global conditions. The survey accomplished in the town of Gjirokastra, with people of different levels and groups will give a support for drawing some of the conclusions presented in this material. read more
Key words: country in transition, globalism, integration, countries of the region, free trade, immigration, global economy, Albania.  


Jose G. Vargas-hernandez, M.B.A.; Ph.D.
Departamento de Mercadotecnia y Negocios Internacionales Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas U de G. Periferico Norte 799 Edificio G-306 Zapopan, Jalisco


This paper focuses on the environmental and economic shrinkage impact it has had the transfer of  ownership from state owned Paper Mill Company to a corporate private ownership as an effect of the ongoing economic process of globalization, after the industrial boom of the paper mill during the second half of the last Century. The paper also focuses on how the employees of this Paper Mill Company live and how they have been affected by globalization and how they feel about their paper mill’s new corporate owners. The methodology used was descriptive and exploratory. A sample of ten workers at the Company who lived in Atequique was chosen for an interview. The town of Atentique was settled and grew up in terms of population, social and economic development in the same way that the Industrial Company of Atenquique did during the period when the company was property of by the Mexican State. After the Company has been privatized, the town started declining and shrinking in these three variables. The impact on the environmental and economic development has initiated the shrinking and declining of Atenquique but also of the surrounding cities and towns.

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Key words: Atenquique, environmental development, economic development. Shrinkage, neoliberal model, globalization.