Archive for the ‘Regional’ Category

AN INTRODUCTION TO REGIONAL GOVERNMENT IN INDONESIA TO SUCCESS RAD-GRK PROGRAM: LITERATURE REVIEW OF GHG EMISSION TRENDS IN INDONESIA

Adrianus AMHEKA
State Polytechnic of Kupang, Jl. Adisucipto Po.Box.139 Penfui, Kupang 85011 NTT, Indonesia.
adrianus.amheka@gmail.com
Corresponding author

Yoshiro HIGANO
Graduate school of Life and Environmental Science, University of Tsukuba, 1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305-8572 Ibaraki, Japan
higano@jsrsai.envr.tsukuba.ac.jp

Abstract
This paper tried to figure out the extent to which trends of GHG emissions were accurately introduced in some province in Indonesia and a possibility elaborate the GHG emission trends each provinces comprehensively through their economic activities. So far based on Presidential Decrees of the RI No.61 Year 2011 regarding National/Regional Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions (RAN/RAD-GRK), No.71 Year 2011 regarding national GHG inventory system and No.62 year 2013 regarding Managing Agency for the Reduction of Emission from Deforestation and Degradation of Forest and Peatlands shown only 6 provinces from 34 provinces have counted their GHG emission according to the Decrees. We argue the regulation as foundation must be also covered activities economic in respective provinces which the activity given large GHG emission contribution. By literatures reviewed, this paper aims as proposal to regional government counts their emissions based on activities economic to success RAN/RAD-GRK and integrated with improve regional competitiveness prior engaged on ASEAN Economic Community and preparation to enter SDG’s post MDG`s of Indonesian government by 2015. As further work suggested to extend the study more broad related to renewable energy technology and possibility to count carbon tax, Feed-in tariff of electricity in regional areas Indonesia.

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SPATIAL ANALISIS OF EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES ON ECONOMIC GROWTH

Ziba KARJOO
MA student of economics, Department of Economics, Azad Islamic University, khorasgan Branch
Department of Economics, Islamic Azad University, khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, Iran
ziba.karjoo@gmail.com
(corresponding author)

Majid SAMETI
Associated professor of economics, Department of Economics, University of Isfahan
Department of Economics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
mj.sameti@ase.ui.ac.ir

Abstract
Among many factors which affect the economic growth of a country, governments are considered to be the most influential stimulants. Because of the importance of studying the government expenditures on economic growth, many techniques have been suggested so far.
In this article we have applied a new technique, namely Spatial Econometrics Method. This method examines “neighborhood” and “location” factors, which are influential in weakening or reinforcing the effects. In this article, by using Ram’s growth model (1986) and applying geographic aspect to global regression models, attempts are made to discover the effect of U.S states government expenditures on economic growth of states. Finally, it became clear that the growth of each state is influenced by the growth of neighbor states. Also state government expenditures have no effect on economic growth. In addition, the growth of labor force is introduced as one of the influential elements on the states’ economic growth.

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GREAT EXPECTATIONS FOR TOURISM AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIA: WHY ARE NOT THEY MET?

Tudorel ANDREI
The Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, 6, Romana Square, district 1, Bucharest, postal code: 010374, postal office 22, Romania, Phone: +4.021.319.19.00, Fax: +4.021.319.18.99
andreitudorel@ase.ro

Constantin MITRUT
The Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, 6, Romana Square, district 1, Bucharest, postal code: 010374, postal office 22, Romania, Phone: +4.021.319.19.00; Fax: +4.021.319.18.99
cmitrut@ase.ro

Daniela-Luminita CONSTANTIN
The Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, 6, Romana Square, district 1, Bucharest, postal code: 010374, postal office 22, Romania, Phone: +4.021.319.19.00; Fax: +4.021.319.18.99
danielaconstantin_2005@yahoo.com

Bogdan OANCEA
“Nicolae Titulescu” University,Calea Văcăreşti, Nr. 185, Sector 4, postal code 040051, Bucharest, Romania, Phone: +4.021.330.90.32, Fax: +4.021.330.86.06
bogdanoancea@univnt.ro
(corresponding author)

Abstract
Despite the high potential of the Romanian tourism competitiveness and reducing interregional disparities, the results obtained in the last fifteen-twenty years are far below expectations. This paper aims to identify national and regional characteristics of tourism in Romania during the period 1990 to 2010 and to evaluate the most important factors that influenced foreign tourists’ arrivals in Romania and the departures of Romanian tourists abroad. As infrastructure is one of the main obstacles to tourism development we have used data from development regions in order to explore the changes in the concentration of accommodation capacities. We have developed econometric models estimated on panel data to assess the implications of road infrastructure development and accommodation capacity utilization on economic results of tourism. The results indicate the important relationship between the territorial distribution of road infrastructure and the concentration of accommodation capacity.

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