Archive for August, 2009
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SHRINKAGE OF ATENQUIQUE DECLINACION DEL DESARROLLO AMBIENTAL Y ECONOMICO DE ATENQUIQUE
Jose G. Vargas-hernandez, M.B.A.; Ph.D.
Departamento de Mercadotecnia y Negocios Internacionales Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas U de G. Periferico Norte 799 Edificio G-306 Zapopan, Jalisco
This paper focuses on the environmental and economic shrinkage impact it has had the transfer of ownership from state owned Paper Mill Company to a corporate private ownership as an effect of the ongoing economic process of globalization, after the industrial boom of the paper mill during the second half of the last Century. The paper also focuses on how the employees of this Paper Mill Company live and how they have been affected by globalization and how they feel about their paper mill’s new corporate owners. The methodology used was descriptive and exploratory. A sample of ten workers at the Company who lived in Atequique was chosen for an interview. The town of Atentique was settled and grew up in terms of population, social and economic development in the same way that the Industrial Company of Atenquique did during the period when the company was property of by the Mexican State. After the Company has been privatized, the town started declining and shrinking in these three variables. The impact on the environmental and economic development has initiated the shrinking and declining of Atenquique but also of the surrounding cities and towns.
Key words: Atenquique, environmental development, economic development. Shrinkage, neoliberal model, globalization.
Department of Geography, University of the Aegean
University Hill, 81100 Mytilene, Greece
News is often interspersed with reports from small islands. Reference is often made to them due to their small size, or due to their administrative autonomy or financial regime; usually attracting the common interest. Actually, what are the so-called microstates, virtual lands, unrecognized state entities, or ephemeral states? Their de facto distance from the centers of socio-economic developments contributes to the conservation of both their traditional social web and their natural environment, but at the same time, it deprives them the opportunities to keep in pace with the modern developments and renders them under the status of isolation. On the one hand, the barrier resulting from natural obstacles acts like a filter that bars the introduction of opportunistic innovations, and on the other hand geographical proximity would make contact with progress feasible. In other words, situation acts as an immune system which secures the better health of microstates. read more
Keywords: Microstate, micronation, small economies, insular space, quasi-state, sovereignty, development.
THE INCOME INTER-REGIONAL REDISTRIBUTION AND THE INCOME SPATIAL STABILIZATION EFFECTS: AN APPLICATION TO PORTUGAL
Pedro N. Ramos,
Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal)
Instituto Nacional de Estatistica (Portugal)
The main idea of this paper is that although the per capita regional GDP is a good indicator of regional income according to its place of generation, it cannot take into account the redistribution process that comes after production, and that may be very significant at the regional level. The paper focuses then on the transformation of the regional product on the adjusted disposable income of the households, and on the different redistributive flows that proceed with that transformation. It has two distinct parts. Firstly we adopted a synchronic analysis where we deal with the so-called income inter-regional redistribution process. In this part we wonder how the regional income inequalities, that are the outcome of the different locations of production, are smoothed when the income falls into the hands of the households (or if the contrary happens, how they are amplified). The identification and the estimation of the weights of the different channels through which that lessening (or amplifying) process acts is an essential part of the work. In a second part ahead we turn to a dynamic approach where we focus on the spatial stabilization of the income effect. At this point our purpose is rather to look at the shocks on the regional product, and to discuss how they can be absorbed (or not) when the production income is transmuted into the regional adjusted disposable income of the households. The degree and the channels of risk sharing (as this absorption process is named too) are also estimated.
Key Words: Inter-regional redistribution; spatial stabilization; risk sharing; cross-sectional variance