Archive for June, 2018

INNOVATION POLICY IN EUROPEAN UNION FROM A SUPPLY CHAIN PERSPECTIVE

Aikaterini KOKKINOU

Higher Hellenic Military Academy

aikaterinikokkinou@gmail.com

Christos LADIAS

Department of Economic and Regional Development, Panteion University

caladias@otenet.gr

Efstratios PAPANIS

Department of Sociology, University of the Aegean

papanis@me.com

Panagiota DIONYSOPOULOU

Director of General Directorate of Tertiary Education, Ministry of Education, Greece

yoldi63@gmail.com

Abstract

The spectrum of implemented instruments of research, technology and innovation policy is widely differentiated nowadays, reflecting the scope of institutions and interests involved, stretching from public funding of research institutions over various forms of financial incentives to the conducting of research and experimental development, including the institutions and mechanisms of technology transfer. In many European countries, these instruments dominated the practice or research and technology policy for the last three decades. This paper focuses on the analysis of these topics, focusing on the institutional context in European Union.

Keywords: Productive Efficiency, Innovation and Industrial Policy, Supply Chain Management

JEL classification:
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THE ROLE OF SOCIAL CAPITAL IN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Athanasios PAPADASKALOPOULOS

Professor, Panteion University, Athens, Greece ,Regional Development Institute

pdask@panteion.gr

Panagiotis NIKOLOPOULOS

PhD Candidate, Panteion University, Athens, Greece

p.g.nikolopoulos@panteion.gr

Abstract

The role of social capital in the development process is rendered essential by the intervention of local authorities, local initiatives, relations and networking. In this article is attempted the association of the means of social capital, such as the information transfer, relations of trust, networking, and cooperation, with the main instruments of regional policy, which endogenous growth strategy utilises. Instruments, such as industrial districts, technological parks, local productive systems, business clusters, creative cities, etc. are based on the utilisation of local social capital, which is a prerequisite for a viable application of the endogenous growth and local development policies. The aim of this paper is to examine the relation between endogenous growth and social capital in the configuration of a local development strategy.

Keywords: social capital, economic development, regional development, endogenous growth, local development

JEL classification: O10, R10, Z13
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REGIONAL ECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN EASTERN INDONESIA AND DETERMINANTS: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ORIGIN DISTRICT AND NEW DISTRICT

Jihad LUKIS PANJAWA

Magister Dept. Of Economics and Development Studies, Graduate School, University of Sebelas Maret (UNS), Indonesia

jihadpanjawa@gmail.com

Bhimo RIZKY SAMUDRO

Dept. Of Economy Development, University of Sebelas Maret (UNS), Indonesia

bhimosamudro@staff.uns.ac.id

Albertus MAQNUS SOESILO

Dept. Of Economy Development, University of Sebelas Maret (UNS), Indonesia

albertussoesilo@staff.uns.ac.id

Abstract

The objective of this research is to know specifically the difference of regional economic disparity and expansion in districts / cities in eastern Indonesia, as well as determinant of disparity base on development indicators covering economic growth, decentralization policy and quality of human resources. This is a quantitative study using econometric methodology. In this methodology, regression with the dummy variable is used to estimate the data. The results showed differences between origin district and new district, where new district showed higher disparities than origin district. Thus, according to Myrdall Theory, regional economic development disparities are caused by larger backwash effects than spread effects occur in Eastern Indonesia. Another important contribution is that fiscal decentralization plays an important role in reducing regional income disparities in new district, while economic growth and human development index have no significant effect on disparities. In the origin district shows different impacts related to fiscal decentralization in which the policy has a significant positive effect on the disparity, while the human development index has a significant negative effect and economic growth has no significant effect on the disparity.

Keywords: Regional Disparity, Development Indicator, Regional Status

JEL classification: P25, R11
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