Posts Tagged ‘Development’

DEVELOPMENT AND SOLIDARITY ECONOMY STRATEGIES IN BRAZIL: CASE STUDIES

Kátia SANTOS

PhD. University of the State of Amapa/Researcher of the Study Group on Educational Policy and Management, Brazil

katia.santos@ueap.edu.br

Hermínia GONÇALVES

PhD. Assistant Professor at Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), and Senior researcher at Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD), Vila Real, Portugal

hgoncalves@utad.pt

Teresa SEQUEIRA

PhD. Assistant Professor at Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), and Senior researcher at CETRAD, Vila Real, Portugal

tsequeir@utad.pt

Francisco DINIZ

PhD. Associate Professor with Abilitation retired from UTAD, and Senior researcher at CETRAD, Vila Real, Portugal

fdiniz@utad.pt

Abstract

The solidarity economy is guided by the guidelines of sustainable development, presenting the principles of self-management (as a mechanism for valuing freedom), equality between members and the exaltation of solidarity. This article aimed to analyze the development of income generating activities based on solidarity economy strategies, explaining individual and territorial impacts in the State of Amapá, located in the extreme north of Brazil, in order to show the main state development policies adopted. We used a qualitative research, with the selection of four projects for case studies, in order to measure the main advances and challenges that are required in the segment, as well as the impacts of the development policies to the solidarity economy in the projects studied. This study identified the need for restructuring in the formats of management policies of government agencies, which should operate in a harmonious and articulated way, but rather act in isolation and without effective communication between them, impairing the quality and result of the services offered. With regard to the impacts of the solidarity economy for the enterprises, it was verified that the activities investigated achieved financial return, which could be substantially intensified, if there was a better structuring in the development policies.

Keywords: Development, Solidary Economy, Public policy, State of Amapá

JEL classification: R58, L31, I38
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ESTIMATION OF REGION’S INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL BASED ON THE SYSTEM OF INDICATORS: CASE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Anna MALTSEVA

Candidate of Economic Sciences, Director of Lurye Scientific and Methodological Center for Higher School Innovative Activity, Tver State University, Tver,

80179@list.ru

Igor VESELOV

Candidate of chemical sciences, Senior researcher in Lurye Scientific and Methodological Center for Higher School Innovative Activity, Tver State University, Tver

igor.veselov@mail.ru

Evgeny BUKHVALD

Doctor of Economic Sciences, professor, Institute of Economics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

buchvald@mail.ru

Abstract

The paper presents an analytical review of modern sources on the issues of determining, classifying and evaluating a region’s intellectual capital. The study identified the most common approaches to intellectual capital assessment, which need to be adjusted taking into account the specificity of the statistical reporting of the Russian Federation, and also because of the need for detailing certain types of intellectual capital. The authors proposed their own approach to assessing a region’s intellectual capital using a system of indicators based on the calculation of the integral indicator tested on the example of the Russian Federation’s regions. The authors have compiled a map of the intensity of the intellectual capital of the Russian Federation’s regions, which is the basis for their comparison by the magnitude of the studied indicator, as well as benchmarking of the key areas of its development for outsider regions.

Keywords: intellectual capital, region, development, competitiveness, knowledge, knowledge economy

JEL classification: R19
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MODELING THE PROCESSES OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT BASED ON GEOSTATISTICS METHODOLOGY

Tatyana V. YALYALIEVA

Candidate of Economic Sciences, e Professor of the Department of Management and Law, Volga State University of Technology, Russia, Yoshkar-Ola

yal05@mail.ru

Dmitry L. NAPOLSKIKH

Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Management and Law, Volga State University of Technology, Russia, Yoshkar-Ola

NapolskihDL@yandex.ru

Abstract

Paper deals with the economic essence of the main elements of geostatistics, study solves problems of spatial modeling regional development based on geostatistics and methodology of clusters. The purpose of this research is to adapt deterministic methods of geostatistics to the spatial modeling of regional industrial clusters. Particular attention is given to practical application of geostatistics methods for visualizing the monitoring network and its cluster structure. The paper offers model of industrial clusters of the Tatarstan Republic (region of Russian Federation) based on interpolation of data monitoring network, Delaunay triangulation and construction of Voronoi polygons.

Keywords: development, industrial clusters, spatial modeling, geostatistics

JEL classification: O1, R58

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