Posts Tagged ‘economic growth’

THE MACROECONOMIC IMPACT OF REGIONAL MINIMUM WAGEs: A CROSS-PROVINCE DATA EVIDENCE FROM INDONESIA

Khairul AMRI

Ph.D Student in Economic Science, Faculty of Economic and Business Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh, Indonesia, Lecture in Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, State Islamic University Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh Indonesia

khairul.amri@ar-raniry.ac.id

Abstract

The main purpose of our study is to determine the causality relationship between economic growth, regional minimum wages (RMWs), unemployment rate and labor force participation rate (LFP). Using cross-section data set of 27 provinces from Indonesia for the period of 2003-2015, data analyzed using panel co-integration test, panel vector error correction model, and Granger causality test. Panel co-integration test indicates that there is a long-run relationship between the variables. In the long-run, LFP positively related to the economic growth, and negatively related to RMWs. The unemployment is positively related to both the economic growth and RMWs. In the short-run, RMWS has a significant and positive effect on economic growth. The unemployment and LFP have a negative and significant effect on RMWs. LFP has a negative and significant effect on unemployment and RMWs has a positive and significant effect on LFP. Furthermore, economic growth has a negative and significant effect on LFP. The result of Granger causality test points out that there is a bidirectional causality relationship between economic growth and RMWs and between RMWs and LFP. In addition, unemployment rate causes RMWs, and LFP causes unemployment.

Keywords: Economic growth, regional minimum wages, labor force participation, unemployment and panel vector error correction model

JEL classification: J31, O4, R23
read more

A NOTE ON SCHUMPETERIAN COMPETITION IN THE CREATIVE CLASS AND INNOVATION POLICY

Amitrajeet A. BATABYAL

Department of Economics, Rochester Institute of Technology, 92 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623-5604, USA.

aabgsh@rit.edu

Seung JICK YOO

Corresponding Author. Graduate School of International Service, Sookmyung Women’s University, 100 Cheongpa-ro 47-gil, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

sjyoo@sookmyung.ac.kr

Abstract

We study innovation policy in a region in which the members of the creative class engage in Schumpeterian competition and thereby extend aspects of the recent analysis in Batabyal and Yoo (2017). Using the language of these researchers, the creative class is broadly composed of existing and candidate entrepreneurs. In contrast to these researchers, we suppose that R&D by candidate entrepreneurs does not generate any negative externalities. In this setting, we analyze the impact that taxes and subsidies on R&D by existing and candidate entrepreneurs have on R&D expenditures and regional economic growth.

Keywords: Creative Class, Creative Destruction, Economic Growth, Innovation Policy, R&D

JEL classification: R11, O31, O38
read more

SMEs’ CREDIT DEMAND AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN INDONESIA

M. Shabri ABD. MAJID

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Business, Syiah Kuala Kuala University, Indonesia

mshabri@unsyiah.ac.id

HAMDANI

Financial Consultant for the SMEs and Bank’s Partner, Aceh Province, Indonesia, Graduate Student in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Syiah Kuala Kuala University, Indonesia

hamdani.aceh@gmail.com

Muhammad NASIR

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Business, Syiah Kuala Kuala University, Indonesia

nasirmsi@yahoo.com

FAISAL

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Business, Syiah Kuala Kuala University, Indonesia

faisal_nurmala@yahoo.com

Abstract

This study aims at empirically exploring the short- and long-run relationships between economic growth, non-performing loans, interest rates and the credit demand by the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Aceh province, Indonesia. The quarterly data for the period 1995 to 2015 were analyzed by the cointegration and vector error correction model (VECM). The study documented that there was a cointegration among the economic growth, non-performing loans, interest rates and the credit demand, implying the existence of long-run equilibrium among the variables. In addition, in short-run, the study found a unidirectional causality from economic growth to credit demand, a bidirectional causality between interest rates and credit demand, while no causality existed between non-performance loan and credit demand by the SMEs in Aceh, Indonesia. Thus, to enhance the SMEs, the government should focus on promoting the economic growth by managing the stability of interest rates in the province.

Keywords: Credit demand, Economic growth, Non-performing loan, SMEs.

JEL classification: C22, E59, O49, H81
read more