Posts Tagged ‘R11’

EXPLORING DYNAMICS BETWEEN THE SOCIOECONOMIC SECTORS FROM NORTH OF PORTUGAL AND GALICIA

Vítor João Pereira Domingues MARTINHO

Coordinator Professor with Habilitation, Agricultural School (ESAV) and CERNAS-IPV Research Centre, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu (IPV), Portugal; Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Portugal

vdmartinho@esav.ipv.pt

Jesyca Salgado BARANDELA

Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales y Turismo, Universidad de Vigo, España

j.salgado@uvigo.es

Abstract

Cultural and institutional differences could difficult to strengthen the relationships between regions from diverse countries. This situation is a little true for the cooperation among the North of Portugal and Galicia, but present and recent past show that there is promising news for the future. In this scenario, the main objective of this work is to identify the dynamics between the economic sectors of these two regions, stressing the advantages from a closer cooperation. To achieve these objectives, data from the Eurostat for the Portuguese and Spanish NUTS 3 were considered. These data were explored through panel data models from the Keynesian and Neoclassical models, allowing for spatial effects. The main findings stress that there are interesting catching-up effects between the North of Portugal and Galicia that could be explored deeper, namely between the manufacturing industry.

Keywords: Verdoorn law, Convergence Theory, Panel data.

JEL classification: C23, E12, E13, O47, R11

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THE URBAN STRUCTURE OF SPAIN AND ITALY (1900-2011)

Carlos GAYÁN-NAVARRO

University of Zaragoza, Spain

carlosgayannavarro@gmail.com

Miguel PUENTE-AJOVIN

University of Zaragoza, Spain

mpajovin@unizar.es

Fernando SANZ-GRACIA

University of Zaragoza, Spain

fsanz@unizar.es

Abstract

Our main purpose is to study the evolution of the urban structure of Spanish and Italian municipalities from 1900 to 2010. We use the estimation of the Pareto exponents to show that the most important behavior  is the increase of inequality in the distribution  over time. Convergence is more likely in Italy and for larger urban units.

Financial support from Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (ECO2017-82246-P) and support by Aragon Government (ADETRE Consolidated Group) is acknowledged.

Keywords: urban evolution, Spain, Italy, Pareto exponent

JEL classification: R11, R12
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A STOCHASTIC MODEL OF COMPETITION BETWEEN TWO CITIES FOR MEMBERS OF THE CREATIVE CLASS

Amitrajeet A. BATABYAL

Arthur J. Gosnell Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY 14623-5604, USA

aabgsh@rit.edu

Seung Jick YOO

Graduate School of International Service, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

sjyoo@sookmyung.ac.kr

*Corresponding Author

Abstract

Batabyal and Yoo (2019) have recently obtained a significant result in their analysis of the use of utilitarian and Rawlsian policies by two cities to attract the creative class. They show that if one city switches to a Rawlsian or more egalitarian objective when the other city remains utilitarian, the aggregate economy of two cities becomes less egalitarian. We show that this result depends fundamentally on the assumption that the creative class population can be described by a triangular probability distribution. If this population is modeled instead with an inverted triangular probability distribution then the above result is reversed in the sense that the welfare of the worst-off member of the creative class is always enhanced when one city switches to a Rawlsian or more egalitarian objective, irrespective of the objective of the other city.

Keywords: City, Competition, Creative Class, Rawlsian, Utilitarian

JEL classification: R11, D63
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