Posts Tagged ‘urban planning’

THE PARTICULAR ANTHROPOLOGICAL CASE OF THE “ILLEGAL HOUSES” OF GREECE

Nikolaos YOYAS

Architect NTUA, Msc Environmental Design, Urban Planning PHD Candidate

01@yio.gr

Abstract

Classical polis was born when a collectivity showed more interest in the truth of things, rather than their use, when cohabitation ceased to be the community of needs, where desirable is the fulfillment of basic human needs, material or otherwise and took place the transition to the community of truth. The last cultural remains of this way of thinking and acting survived until very recently, with the foundation of the modern Greek state in 1830 and vanished once and for all, slowly, but steadily, after 1974, with the entrance n the European Economic Community and, finally, the Eurozone, transforming and adjusting the contemporary Greek city to the western globalized standards. In this text we will examine the “wise” illegal houses, creations of social space, of polis of the refugee settlements of 1922 and the expansions of the, initially, planned Greek city centers, which transformed slowly, but steadily into pure speculation and greed for profit. This mutation was established with the replacement of the “customary law” and what is widely called “tradition” in constructions, with the rigid Building Regulations. This transition was crucial and it was the outcome of a much greater mutation; the anthropological transformation of the Greek people, its “modernization” and its contemporary, absolute alignment with the western European standards, which have taken over every aspect of human activity, including official urban planning, but, also, unofficial, so-called illegal constructions.

Keywords: Illegal constructions, urban planning, anthropology, western civilization
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ILLEGAL CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE POST-MEMORANDUM GREECE Changes and constants in a chronic phenomenon

Nikolaos YOYAS

Architect NTUA, Msc Environmental Design, Urban Planning PHD Candidate

01@yio.gr

Abstract

The ¨stirring¨ of the problem of illegal constructions in Greece, during the last decade, that followed the issue of five consecutive laws regarding their integration in the country΄s official urban planning in the period 2009-2017, has led to a short-lived race of declaring and legitimizing illegal, constructions on behalf of the hundreds of thousands of popular owners. This institutional reform becomes, increasingly, significant in combination with the contemporary fiscal reform and the relevant tax burdening of realty owners. The timeless popular investment shelter of building ownership, for the first time after WWII, loses its immunity and becomes an unbearable tax weight, transforming popular illegal constructions into the national tool for transforming the country΄s real-estate map. Our ability to translate the outcome of this ¨crisis¨, through our route through all the past time, will define the quality of life in our new urban environment, but most important, our own standard of living and our future.

Keywords: Illegal constructions, urban planning, economic crisis

JEL classification: R0, R5
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